New publication on urban greening for reduction of urban heat islands

New publication on urban greening for reduction of urban heat islands

May 22, 2023

New publication on urban greening for reduction of urban heat islands in nature communications

 

 

Researchers from the European Commission of the Joint Research Centre (JRC) in Ispra, Italy, the University of Turin in Italy, the ISI Foundation in Turin in Italy, the National Research Council of Italy, the Institute of BioEconomy (CNR-IBE) in Rome in Italy, the German Aerospace Center (DLR) in Munich in Germany, the Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry in Jena in Germany and our Earth Observation Research Hub at the University of Würzburg in Germany teamed up to evaluate potential intervention strategies to reduce population exposure to Land Surface Temperature (LST) extremes for cities across the globe. The paper titled “Spatially-optimized urban greening for reduction of population exposure to land surface temperature extremes” was just published in the journal nature communication by Emanuele Massaro, Rossano Schifanella, Matteo Piccardo, Luca Caporaso, Hannes Taubenböck, Alessandro Cescatti & Gregory Duveiller – the full article is available here: https://rdcu.be/dcFNu .

 

Abstract: The population experiencing high temperatures in cities is rising due to anthropogenic climate change, settlement expansion, and population growth. Yet, efficient tools to evaluate potential intervention strategies to reduce population exposure to Land Surface Temperature (LST) extremes are still lacking. Here, we implement a spatial regression model based on remote sensing data that is able to assess the population exposure to LST extremes in urban environments across 200 cities based on surface properties like vegetation cover and distance to water bodies. We define exposure as the number of days per year where LST exceeds a given threshold multiplied by the total urban population exposed, in person day. Our findings reveal that urban vegetation plays a considerable role in decreasing the exposure of the urban population to LST extremes. We show that targeting high-exposure areas reduces vegetation needed for the same decrease in exposure compared to uniform treatment.

 

This work is also related to other works of the EO Research Hub – please see here: https://remote-sensing.org/new-publication-on-quantifying-urban-heat-exposure-at-fine-scale/ or https://remote-sensing.org/28388-2/

 

you may also like:

Presentations at the EARSeL conference in Manchester

Presentations at the EARSeL conference in Manchester

Presentations at the EARSeL conference in Manchester   Dr. Marta Sapena and Dr. John Friesen represented the Earth Observation Center (EOC) of the German Aerospace Center (DLR) and our Earth Observation Research Cluster (EORC) this week at the EARSeL conference...

Our PhD candidate Ines Standfuss teaches at AniMove

Our PhD candidate Ines Standfuss teaches at AniMove

Our PhD candidate Ines Standfuss is teaching remote sensing for animal movement analysis this year at MPI at Lake Constanze. The AniMove science school has been founded more than ten years ago together with MPI and other organisations such as Smithsonian joined in the...

television and radio coverage about urban measurements

television and radio coverage about urban measurements

Our urban research got covered by TV and radio where we had the chance to explain the relevance of urban monitoring via remote sensing methods as well as in-situ devices (in cooperation with Prof. Marco Schmidt) especially for adaptation and mitigation potential of...

“Super Test Site Würzburg” – from the idea to realization

“Super Test Site Würzburg” – from the idea to realization

The "Super Test Site Würzburg" originated as an idea at the "Geolingual Studies Workshop", which our Geolingual Studies team (Prof. Biewer, Prof. Taubenböck) organized last year - we had reported on it: https://remote-sensing.org/geolingual-studies-workshop-day-1-2/ ;...

Two new Msc graduates Caroline and Helena

Two new Msc graduates Caroline and Helena

We are very happy to congratulate Caroline Goehner and Helena Wehner for successfully defending their thesis on alpine research and ibis environment analysis.  Great to see their journey through the eagle program, their technical advances, gaining hands-on...

Science and teaching at UFS

Science and teaching at UFS

The research and teaching activities of our University at the research station Schneefernerhaus on Zugspitze are increasing steadily and becoming more diverse. Ongoing and planned courses and science projects range from topics in informatics, astronomy to medicine and...